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|Pope Pius X condemned "Modernism" and established stringent measures to keep it from reappearing. By "Modernism" he meant any view that considered Catholic doctrine and church structure to be the product of gradual development and any view that recommended reform on that basis. Modernists challenged neoscholastic theology, which viewed the world as essentially unchanging. This book investigates the issues -- diplomacy, public education, separation of church and state, social reform, and the place of theology in the curriculum of the university -- that influenced the thinking of Modernists and anti-Modernists.|
From the Publisher:
This book is a case study in the ongoing struggle of Christianity to define its relationship to modernity, examining representative Roman Catholic Modernists and anti-Modernists, exploring their relationship to their own historical context. Its aim is to counteract the tendency to lift the proposals made by the Modernists out of their setting and define them as a coherent, timeless philosophical/theological outlook, which should be avoided. The book seeks to correct the proclivity of some contemporary proponents of Modernist ideas to de-contextualize those ideas and recommend their endorsement without a critical reconsideration of historical changes. It sketches the nineteenth-century background of the Modernist crisis, identifying the problems that the church was facing at the beginning of the twentieth century; and offers a fresh perspective on the Modernist crisis, a perspective arising from the pioneering work undertaken by the Roman Catholic Modernism Working Group of the American Academy of Religion.