|Temple Grandin was born in Boston in 1947, and diagnosed with autism three years later. Against all medical advice, her parents refused to institutionalize their daughter, and instead hired a speech therapist to work closely with her. Once in school, she amazed observers with her level of speech and academic prowess. Eventually, she earned her PhD. in animal science from the University of Illinois. Soon after, she began working closely with the livestock industry to design more humane facilities and enclosures for the animals, with remarkable results. In 1996, Grandin was prominently featured in Oliver Sacks's popular book AN ANTHROPOLOGIST ON MARS, which began to bring her some celebrity. She has since become a bestselling author herself, with titles including THINKING IN PICTURES and ANIMALS IN TRANSLATION. Her books illuminate her daily struggles to fit into the non-autistic world and describe the communicative bonds that she shares with animals.