|| Capitalization:The first word children learn to capitalize is their name. However, it takes a while before they learn that only proper nouns are capitalized. Once children are writing sentences they're taught to capitalize the first word.Grammar:Understanding the rules that govern the use of language, including standard usage (such as selecting the right word) and mechanics (such as punctuation conventions) help children in speaking and writing.Punctuation:Almost everything that isn't letters or numbers is considered punctuation, including the space between words. When children are first learning to write, they mainly use periods and commas. They learn the rest as they progress through school.