||Though Fort Worth was first established in 1849 as a military outpost along what was then the western frontier of Texas, the fort itself was abandoned by 1853. But the civilian settlement that had grown up around it continued to thrive. Following the Civil War, the city and its residents worked hard to become a provisions center for the drovers moving millions of Texas longhorns up the cattle trails to Kansas and beyond. Soon, Fort Worth was also a major hub for rail and other transportation industries, and in the twentieth century, it became an oil center as well. Today, the bustling metropolitan region continues to reinvent itself while also diligently preserving the unique heritage that brings millions of visitors to Fort Worth every year.