||J. William Fulbright was a U.S. Senator from 1944 to 1974. For 15 of those years, he was the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and he exerted a strong influence on U.S. foreign policy. Although he introduced the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and shepherded its passage through the Senate, he later became one of the leading congressional critics of the Vietnam War. Despite the fact that his positions shifted as circumstances changed, Fulbright is remembered for his courage in opposing the escalation of the war in Vietnam as well as his opposition to the funding of Senator Joseph McCarthy's Senate committee. He joined with his fellow southern Senators in opposing many pieces of civil rights legislation, but he wrote the Fulbright Act of 1946, which established the foreign exchange scholarships which still bear his name. This biography of Fulbright illuminates the complex politician and his long and controversial career.
||J. William Fulbright was the second most successful Oxford-educated politician to come from Arkansas. Author of the Fulbright-Connally resolution that committed the United States to participating in the U.N., and creator of the exchange program that bears his name, Fulbright was the longest serving chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. This volume describes the family dynamic, educational process, and environments--Arkansas, Oxford, Washington, D.C.--which produced this remarkable man. It delves into his complex attitude toward race and details Fulbright's role in the civil rights movement. The narrative includes the major international events of the Cold War era--the Suez Crisis, the U-2 incident, the Bay of Pigs, the Missile Crisis, Vietnam, the ABM controversies, the Arab-Israeli conflict--and Fulbright's role in them. Woods explains Fulbright's shift from a champion of executive power in foreign affairs to a defender of congressional prerogatives.