|Karl Heinrich Marx was the second son of a well-to-do, liberal-thinking Jewish family. A few years before Karl's birth, however, his father became a Protestant, and Karl was baptized as a young boy. He received a classical education, and was encouraged to study law like his father. At the universities of Bonn and Berlin, he did just that, but became attracted to philosophy and literature. In Berlin, he joined the Young Hegelians, a group of intellectuals interested in the ideas of Hegel, which were fairly influential during this period in German higher education. Failing to secure a teaching position, Marx instead turned to journalism, editing a short-lived liberal paper in Cologne, Rheinische Zeitung. By this time, Marx was associated with the philosophically radical movement in Germany, which led to a lifetime of exile in several European countries. He spent time in Paris--where he met Friedrich Engels--Brussels, and finally, London. In 1843, Marx married Jenny von Westphalen, a childhood neighbor, and together they had seven children. Meeting Engels in Paris in 1844 marked a significant phase in his life, for the two would form one of the most important and influential partnerships in history. Engels actually supported Marx for many years in London when money was very tight. Marxism is clearly his lasting contribution to history, providing the philosophical basis for modern socialism and communism. Marx the icon, the mythic revolutionary, often overshadows Karl Marx the human being. His ideas have contributed immeasurably to contemporary social theory, especially his so-called Dialectical Materialism as a way of explaining history, the pairing of the bourgeoisie and its exploitation of the proletariat, the notion that labor is an essential element of human activity, and his prediction that capitalism will eventually fall. Marx wrote numerous articles, brochures, and reports, along with DAS KAPITAL (1867) and THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO (1848), which he wrote with Engels. Though not particularly popular or even well-known within his own life, the movement that bears his name has elevated his reputation to one of enormous international stature and influence.