|Eric John Ernest Hobsbawm grew up in a Viennese, Jewish middle-class home. The intense political climate of his youth--post-World War I--stimulated an interest in revolutionary causes. Following some years living with his family in Berlin, Hobsbawm left for schooling in England. He received his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. from Cambridge University. In the 1940s, Hobsbawm entered the British army, eventually becoming a sergeant. His teaching career included posts at Birkbeck College, University of London in history and economic and social history, and in history at King's College, Cambridge; he has also taught at Stanford, MIT, Cornell, and the New School of Social Research. Hobsbawm has become one of England's preeminent Marxist historians, specializing in the history of the working classes, the Industrial Revolution, and European empires. He is the author of many surveys and studies, including titles on jazz and culture. Hobsbawm has received numerous awards and honorary degrees, and has been a member of various professional and historical societies.