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International Differences in Entrepreneurship (Hardcover)

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Product Overview

From the traditional craft hiring hall to the Web site Monster.com, a multitude of institutions exist to facilitate the matching of workers with firms. Studies of Labor Market Intermediation analyzes how these third-party actors intercede where workers and firms meet, thereby aiding, impeding, and, in some cases, exploiting the matching process. By building a conceptual foundation for analyzing the roles that these understudied economic actors serve in the labor market, this volume develops both a qualitative and quantitative sense of their significance to market operation and worker welfare.

Putting forward a new method for measuring, comparing, and analyzing the relationship between happiness and the way people spend their time---across countries, regions, and history---this book will help set the agenda of research. It does so by introducing the system of National Time Accounting (NTA), which relies on individuals' own records of their time use and their evaluations of their emotional experiences during various uses of time. This approach provides an alternative method of measuring well-being that differs from traditional measures such as the Gross National Product. A distinguished group of contributors here summarize the NTA methodology, provide illustrative findings about happiness based on NTA, and subject the system to a rigorous conceptual and methodological critique that only strengthens the approach.

Globalization and the expansion of information technologies have reshaped managerial practices, forcing multinational firms to adjust business practices to different environments and domestic companies to adapt to foreign competitors. In this book, a distinguished group of contributors examines managerial practices across firms, divisions within firms, and countries in this period of change. This volume combines qualitative and quantitative insider analysis of business practices such as the use of teams, incentive pay, lean manufacturing, and quality control, revealing the elements that determine which practices are adopted and why. The studies offer valuable insights into the link between management practices and the productivity and performance of international firms in a fast-paced global economy.

Often considered one of the major forces behind economic growth and development, the entrepreneurial firm can accelerate the speed of innovation and dissemination of new technologies, thus increasing a country's competitive edge in the global market. As a result, cultivating a strong culture of entrepreneurial thinking has become a primary goal throughout the world.

Surprisingly, there has been little systematic research or comparative analysis to show how the growth of entrepreneurship differs among countries in various stages of development. International Differences in Entrepreneurship fills this void by explaining how a country's institutional differences, cultural considerations, and personal characteristics can affect the role that entrepreneurs play in its economy. Developing an understanding of the origins of entrepreneurs as well as the choices they make and the complexity of their activities across countries and industries are of central importance to this volume. In addition, contributors consider how environmental factors of individual economies, such as market regulation, government subsidies for banks, and support for entrepreneurial culture affect the industry and the impact that entrepreneurs have on growth in developing nations.

Specifications

Publisher Univ of Chicago Pr
Mfg Part# 9780226473093
SKU 212642391
Format Hardcover
ISBN10 0226473090
Release Date 11/28/2011
Product Attributes
Book Format Hardcover
Number of Pages 0356
Publisher University of Chicago Press
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