|Author: Albert Camus|
Albert Camus was the younger of two brothers. His mother was an illiterate charwoman, his father an itinerant agricultural worker who was killed in World War I. In 1923, Camus won a scholarship to the lyc?e in Algiers, where he studied from 1924 to 1932 and began to suffer from the incipient tuberculosis that was to plague him all his life. Already a writer of some renown in Algeria, Camus moved to Paris in 1938, where he worked in theater and publishing and as a journalist for various newspapers. In 1939 he was divorced from his first wife, Simone Hi?, who was a morphine addict. He married Francine Faur? in 1940 and published his first novel, THE STRANGER, in 1946. An existentialist who became known as "the conscience of his nation," Camus set out to capture the absurdity of life and the innate meaninglessness of the world. He was heavily influenced by the philosophies of Kierkegaard, Schopenhauer, and Nietzsche and was closely linked to fellow existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre in the 1940s, but he broke with him over Sartre's support of Stalinist politics. Camus was member of the French resistance during World War II. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature in 1957 and died in an automobile accident near Sens, France in 1960.