||Years in the making-the definitive biography of the legendary black activist. || Of the great figure in twentieth-century American history perhaps none is more complex and controversial than Malcolm X. Constantly rewriting his own story, he became a criminal, a minister, a leader, and an icon, all before being felled by assassins' bullets at age thirty-nine. Through his tireless work and countless speeches he empowered hundreds of thousands of black Americans to create better lives and stronger communities while establishing the template for the self-actualized, independent African American man. In death he became a broad symbol of both resistance and reconciliation for millions around the world. || Manning Marable's new biography of Malcolm is a stunning achievement. Filled with new information and shocking revelations that go beyond the Autobiography, Malcolm X unfolds a sweeping story of race and class in America, from the rise of Marcus Garvey and the Ku Klux Klan to the struggles of the civil rights movement in the fifties and sixties. Reaching into Malcolm's troubled youth, it traces a path from his parents' activism through his own engagement with the Nation of Islam, charting his astronomical rise in the world of Black Nationalism and culminating in the never-before-told true story of his assassination. Malcolm X will stand as the definitive work on one of the most singular forces for social change, capturing with revelatory clarity a man who constantly strove, in the great American tradition, to remake himself anew.
||Malcolm X demands careful consideration for his role as a catalyst of American history in the second half of the twentieth century. His bestselling work written by and with Alex Haley--THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF MALCOLM X--has long been considered a full and accurate account of his life and work. Now, Manning Marable presents both counterpoint and companion to that earlier work as he offers layers of new research and declassified records that revisit and rework the controversies surrounding Malcolm's life, including dispute with leader Elijah Muhammad, his marriage to Betty Shabbaz, and his assassination. All are presented anew, as MALCOLM X: A LIFE OF REINVENTION carries the figure of one of America's most important civil rights leaders into the 21st century. Selected by the editors of the New York Times Book Review as one of the Ten Best Books of 2011.