This is the story of two great sports. One is "America’s game,"
while the other is "the world’s game." Baseball and soccer are
both beloved cultural institutions. What draws fans to one game is often
a mystery to fans of the other. Despite superficial differences,
however, the business and culture of these sports share more in common
than meets the eye. This is the first in-depth, cross-cultural
comparison of these two great pastimes and the megabusinesses that they
In NATIONAL PASTIME, Stefan Szymanski and Andrew Zimbalist illustrate
how the different traditions of each sport have generated different
possibilities for their commercial organization and exploitation. They
pay special attention to the rich and complex evolution of baseball from
its beginnings in America, and they trace modern soccer from its
foundation in England through its subsequent expansion across the world.
They illustrate how Victorian administrators laid the foundation for
Major League Baseball (MLB) and soccer leagues such as the English
Premier League, Italy’s Serie A, and the European Champions League.
The authors show how the organizers of baseball and soccer have learned
from each other in the past and how they can continue to do so.
Both sports are rich in tradition. In some cases, however, these
traditions-often arbitrary rules established by long-defunct
administrators-have obstructed the healthy development of the sport.
By studying the experiences of other sports, it might be possible to
develop new and better ways to operate. For example, soccer might
benefit from greater cooperation among teams as in baseball. On the
other hand, MLB could learn from soccer’s relegation rules and more
open system of ownership, thus avoiding some of the excesses
(competitive imbalance, uneven team resources) associated with
NATIONAL PASTIME does not advocate the jettisoning of all tradition to
adopt wholesale the approach of another sport, of course. In an era of
globalization, where business interests are increasingly looking to
transplant organizational ideas in order to maximize profits, the
authors argue that fan-friendly reforms may be necessary in order to
avoid something worse. Ultimately, they propose no simple solutions,
instead suggesting specific reforms to the organization of baseball and
soccer, drawing on each other’s experiences. Lively and accessibly
written, this book is essential reading for business analysts,
journalists, policymakers, and managers of both sports. Most of all,
however, it will appeal to baseball and soccer aficionados, whether they
root for the New York Yankees, Manchester United, or Real Madrid.