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Perspectival Thought : A Plea for (Moderate) Relativism (Hardcover)

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Our thought and talk are situated. They do not take place in a vacuum but always in a context, and they always concern an external situation relative to which they are to be evaluated. Since that is so, Fran?ois Recanati argues, our linguistic and mental representations alike must be assigned two layers of content: the explicit content, orlekton, is relative and perspectival, while the complete content, which is absolute, involves contextual factors in addition to what is explicitly represented. Far from reducing to the context-independent meaning of the sentence-type or, in the psychological realm, to the "narrow" content of mental representations, the lekton is a level intermediate between context-invariant meaning and full propositional content. Recognition of that intermediate level is the key to a proper understanding of context-dependence in language and thought.

Going beyond the usual discussions of indexicality and unarticulated constituents in the philosophy of language, Recanati turns to the philosophy of mind for decisive arguments in favour of his approach. He shows, first, that thelekton is the notion of content we need if we are to properly understand the relations between perception, memory, and the imagination, and second, that the psychological 'mode' is what determines the situation thelekton is relative to. In this framework he provides a detailed account of de se thought and the first person point of view. In the last part of the book, Recanati discusses the special freedom we have, in discourse and thought, to shift the situation of evaluation. He traces that freedom to a special mode--the anaphoric mode--which enables us to go beyond the egocentric stage of pre-human thought.

Specifications

Publisher Clarendon Pr
Mfg Part# 9780199230532
SKU 205106816
Format Hardcover
ISBN10 0199230536
Release Date 6/11/2013
Product Attributes
Book Format Hardcover
Number of Pages 0176
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
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