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Joseph Rudyard Kipling (December 30, 1865 - January 18, 1936) was an English author and poet, born in India, and best known today for his children's books, including The Jungle Book (1894), The Second Jungle Book (1895), Just So Stories (1902), and Puck of Pook's Hill (1906); his novel, Kim (1901); his poems, including Mandalay (1890), Gunga Din (1890), and "If-" (1910); and his many short stories, including "The Man Who Would Be King" (1888) and the collections Life's Handicap (1891), The Day's Work (1898), and Plain Tales from the Hills (1888). He is regarded as a major "innovator in the art of the short story" his children's books are enduring classics of children's literature; and his best work speaks to a versatile and luminous narrative gift
Rudyard Kipling was the creator of short stories, poetry, and novels. In 1907 he became the first English writer to win the Nobel Prize, although much of his writing for adults has since been labeled imperialist, fascist, and racist. Kipling was born to English parents and lived in India until he was 6 years old. At that time, he was sent to England, where he lived with a foster family, although he made frequent trips back to India. He married an American woman with whom he moved to the United States, where he wrote some of his best-known works for children including "The Jungle Book" and "Kim". He eventually returned to England where he wrote "Just So Stories". He wrote his last book for children, "Rewards and Fairies", in 1910--many believe that the death of his daughter, Josephine, may have been a factor in this decision. He won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1907.