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Lawrence was the son of an uneducated miner and a genteel, resentful mother who wanted better lives for her children. He educated himself through scholarships and worked as an elementary schoolteacher from 1902 to 1906. He began publishing poetry in the "English Review" in 1909, and in 1910 published his first short story and a novel. Two years later, he fell in love with Frieda von Richthofen, the German wife of a Nottingham French professor, and fled to Germany with her, where they were married in 1914 after her divorce. When World War I broke out, they returned to England. Violently opposed to the war, Lawrence left England for good when it was over and lived the rest of his life in Italy, Australia, Mexico, and the south of France, where he finally succumbed to tuberculosis at the age of 44. In addition to novels, Lawrence in his brief life wrote dozens of short stories; vivid and visionary poems; criticism; and several books about his extensive travels. Lawrence's novels were considered revolutionary in their time because of their intimate and unsparing exploration of human life and sexuality. "The Rainbow" was suppressed for indecency in 1915, and "Lady Chatterly's Lover" was banned in 1928.