|Born David Cornwell in Poole, Dorset, John Le Carr? attended Berne University in Switzerland and Lincoln College, Oxford, graduating in 1956 with a B.A. in modern languages. After tutoring at Eton for two years, he went to work for the British Foreign Service in Bonn and Hamburg from 1959 to 1964. Le Carr? is best known for his brooding international spy, the ironically named George Smiley. In fact, Smiley is a dark, disturbed agent mired in the lonely, cutthroat world of espionage where the line between good and evil is often blurred, and sometimes erased. Le Carr? pulls no punches in depicting the stark, inhuman nature of international intrigue. He first gained fame for the classic thriller THE SPY WHO CAME IN FROM THE COLD (1963), which featured Smiley in a small, supporting role. When the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, many people predicted that Le Carr?'s career would die with the Cold War. But Le Carr? proved them wrong, finding newly relevant topics in the post-Cold-War world.