|Andrew Sullivan was born in England, studied modern history at Oxford, and earned his Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University (his thesis was on the British conservative thinker, Michael Oakeshott.) Sullivan was a staff writer for the New Republic beginning in 1986, and in 1991 he was named editor. After boosting circulation and being named 1996 Editor of the Year by Adweek magazine, he resigned, announcing that he was HIV-positive. In VIRTUALLY NORMAL (1995), Sullivan discusses his homosexuality, examines four political perspectives on the issue, and ends with his highly influential New Republic piece, "The Politics of Homosexuality." Sullivan is known as a staunch advocate of gay marriage, and has published a balanced view on the subject, SAME SEX MARRIAGE: Pro and Con. The media has sought him out as an expert on gay topics and he has written for both the gay and the mainstream press, including the New York Times. He has been the target of criticism from some in the gay community for advocating what is seen as an integrationist view of gay life and for the use of terms like "pathology" when describing gay lifestyles. In LOVE UNDECTABLE: Notes on Friendship, Sex, and Survival, Sullivan expands his controversial New York Times Magazine article "When Plagues End". He has also written about desire, whether homosexuality is "normal," the losses of those dear to him, and his own personal growth.