|Fannie Farmer, the first woman to codify and write down recipes, was born in Boston in 1854. A slight stroke at the age of 16 resulted in a lame leg, but when her father's printing business failed she was forced to get a job despite her handicap. Like many middle class girls of the time, she went to work for as a servant in the home of wealthy family. Finding that she had a gift for the domestic arts, she enrolled in the Boston Cooking School, where she eventually rose to the position of Director. Under her supervision, THE BOSTON COOKING SCHOOL COOKBOOK was published in 1896 and was enormously successful. A few years later, she founded her own school--Miss Farmer's School of Cookery--which was designed to teach cooking skills to ordinary housewives rather than teachers and professionals. THE FANNIE FARMER COOKBOOK, successor to the earlier book, is still in print today. Fannie Farmer died in 1915 from kidney disease at the age of 72. Her name lives on and is synonymous with American cooking.