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There is no adequate understanding of contemporary Jewish and Christian theology without reference to Martin Buber. Buber wrote numerous books during his lifetime (1878-1965) and is best known for "I and Thou" and "Good and Evil." Buber has influenced important Protestant theologians like Karl Barth, Emil Brunner, Paul Tillich, and Reinhold Niebuhr. His appeal is vast--not only is he renowned for his translations of the Hebrew Bible but also for his interpretation of Hasidism, his role in Zionism, and his writings in psychotherapy and political philosophy. In addition to a general introduction, each chapter is individually introduced, illuminating the historical and philosophical context of the readings. Footnotes explain difficult concepts, providing the reader with necessary references, plus a selective bibliography and subject index.
Martin Buber was born in Vienna and raised in what is now the Ukraine by his paternal grandfather, Salomon Buber, a noted Hebrew scholar. Exposed to his rich religious and cultural heritage at a young age, Buber absorbed the mystical tradition of Hasidism, which inspired his later religious, existentialist writings. Between 1897 and 1904, he studied philosophy and art history at universities in Vienna, Leipzig, Zurich, and Berlin, receiving his Ph.D. in German mysticism at the University of Vienna in 1904. He held the only chair in Jewish philosophy at a German university between 1923 and 1933, in Frankfurt, until he was named director of Jewish adult education, a post he held until his exile to Palestine in 1938. In Jerusalem, he was a professor of social philosophy at Hebrew University until 1951. As a student, Buber had become involved in Theodor Herzl's Zionist movement, and continued to promote its cause until the founding of the state of Israel in 1948. Though Buber is perhaps best known for the religious philosophy he expounded in such works as "I and Thou", he was a prolific translator, translating a range of material from little-known Hasidic works to the entire Hebrew Bible, into modern German. Buber received various honorary degrees and literary prizes, including a nomination for the Nobel Prize in literature in 1949.
From the Publisher
Arranged topically, this collection collects 32 essays and excerpts from various periods in the career of Martin Buber, a major figure in Jewish philosophy of the 20th century.