|Born in Prague, Czechoslovakia, to a comfortably middle-class family, Saul Friedlander found his life changed by history: the rise of Adolph Hitler and Nazism. He tells his story in the compelling Holocaust memoir WHEN MEMORY COMES, which chronicles how his family immigrated to France and then, finding themselves in danger again, made a great and painful sacrifice: while they embarked on a perilous journey to the border with Switzerland, Saul's parents placed their 10-year-old son in a Catholic school, where he was baptized and learned Catholicism. There, under a new non-Jewish name, he might be safe. Saul, or Paul-Henri Marie Ferland, forgot much of his Jewish upbringing, took communion, and considered training for the priesthood. After the war, he regained his Jewish identity, and through letters and other accounts, was able to partly reconstruct his parents' ill-fated journey. In 1947, Friedlander went to Israel to fight in the Jewish underground just at the end of the British mandate and witnessed the earliest days of Israel's modern history. There he resumed the name Saul Friedlander.||He became a historian and a foremost scholar on the Nazi period, writing studies on the role of Pius XII and on the American-German relations just prior to the war. He taught at universities in Tel Aviv, Geneva, and Los Angeles, and served, in 2000 and after, on commissions that investigated the collaboration between American and European companies with the Nazis. His magnum opus is a two-volume work, NAZI GERMANY AND THE JEWS: THE YEARS OF PERSECUTION, 1933-1939, and its follow-up, THE YEARS OF EXTINCTION: NAZI GERMANY AND THE JEWS: 1939-1945.